The first mention of Feng Shui comes from The Book of Burial (c. 300 BCE) where it says: "The energy that rides the wind stops at the edge of water and is retained." Just how Feng Shui developed across the world is hard to say. Traditional Feng Shui started as a joining of construction and astrology In Chinese the literal translation of Feng Shui is "Wind Water". Since the time of Xia, Capital cities in China have been constructed to the rules of feng shui. The rules for the construction of cities can be found in the Zhou-era Kaogong ji (Manual of Crafts). Rules for builders were codified in the Lu ban jing (Carpenter's Manual). In fact, it is only within the last 50 years that Feng Shui has actully been introduced indoors. An interesting note is that in 1949, feng shui became illegal in China. The Chinese Government then assigned a departement to oversee the practise of Feng Shui.
Over centuries various ways of practising Feng Shui have emerged.
There are basically three main schools each with its own unique approach.
Lo Pan Feng Shui
This relies heavily on the use of a traditional Feng Shui compass. This compass is calledLo P`an. This compass may have up to 64 concentric rings containing information used by the Feng Shui consultant. Compass Feng Shui is traditional in China as a service provided for buriel. The Chinese believe that a person buried in the wrong place will return to haunt the living.
Pa Kwa Feng Shui
This style of Feng Shui uses the direction your house faces to arrive at information. It also divides your house into Eight areas of enrichments. These areas govern every area of your life.
Yin Yang Feng Shui
This style of Feng Shui is concerned with the way energy flows around your house and how you fit in with that energy. It seeks to find a balance between Yin and Yang.
The Five Elements in Feng Shui
The Five Elements In Feng Shui are central to understanding Feng Shui. The theory of the five elements is central to Oriental wisdom, medicine and philosophy. The Chinese view of the universe revolves around the five elements.
These elements are Water, Wood, Fire, Earth and Metal.
Helps metal, is helped by fire, hinders water and is hindered by wood.
Helps earth, helped by wood, hinders metal and is hindered by water.
Helps wood, helped by metal, hinders fire and is hindered by earth.
Helps water, helped by earth, hinders wood and is hindered by fire.
Helps fire, helped by water, hinders earth and is hindered by metal.
These elements are interactive and shape every aspect of the daily life. Productively they lead to harmony, properity and happiness.
The Productive Cycle in Feng Shui
The view of the production cycle is
Water nourishes plants and trees, wood makes fire which burns into ashes to form earth, earth is the source of metal, metal can be condensed to water or can be melted into liquid - water.
This is the natural order.
The destructive cycle is : Water puts out fire, fire melts metal, metal breaks wood, wood penetrates the earth, and earth absorbs water.
The Lo Shu Square
The origins of the Lo Shu sqaure may be found in ancient Chinese legend. Around 4,000 years ago a turtle appeared in the river Lo and on its shell were nine clusters of circular markings. Each cluster comprised between one and nine dots arranged in a three by three grid pattern. The nine numbers were so arranged that if you added together any three you always got a total of fifeteen.
Ying and Yang
The concept to Ying and Yang is central to Chinese cosmology.
Yin and Yang are symbolized the sun and moon.
There are two opposing forces active in the universe.
Yin exists in Yang and Yang exists in Yin.
This is the the changing combination of negative and positive, dark and light, cold and hot which keeps the world spinning and creates Chi - the giving life force.
Yin : Female : Earth, moonlight, darkness, quiet, decreasing, absorbing, receptive, winter, soft.
Direction - North, Quality - Shady, Numbers - Even.
Yang : Heaven, sunlight, day, heat, motion, masculine, active, summer.
Direction - South, Quality - Sunny, Numbers - uneven.
State of Balance : In all aspects of life a state of balance should exist between the opposing forces of Ying and Yang.
Feng Shui around the House
Feng Shui Around The House is important and provides a positive flow right around your life.
Avoid loss of Chi by placing a screen against the entrance.
The bedroom door should not face the kitchen or toilet.
The bed should not face the door.
Always have a good space between the bed and the window.
The front door should not directly face a staircase.
Place a screen in front of the staircase.
The front door should not face the toilet.
Leave a good distance between the sink and stove.
Do not have the door to outside facing directly towards the kitchen.
The stove should not face directly towards the door.
The stove should not be placed against the sink.
Winding drive, circular drive and a generous drive is favourable.
The Pa Kau represents the eight forces of nature : Water, Earth, Wind, Fire, Mountain, Lake, Thunder and Heaven. The Pa Kua is often placed at the door of a house or on a window ledge for protection. The Pa Kua is used to ward off evil spirits or curses. The Chinese believe that fate is connected with the stars. In 1987 a stone chart of the sky was discovered above Jiangsu. Dated to over 5,000 years ago this stone chart is believed to be the first of its kind in human history. The twenty four celestial constellations are made up of four Pa Kua positions.
Chi in Feng Shui
Chi in Feng Shui is the positive life energy force.
Chi flows through every part of the body, through every living thing and through all things of the universe. In Chinese mythology it is associated with the Dragon. Heaven Chi governs the celestial cycles. Earth Chi the ground and so on. Finding the right spot when building a home will maximise Chi. Chi is very sensitive to shapes, elements, obstructions and other variations. Feng Shui is the art of improving the flow of Chi.
There are four main types of Chi
wise Chi from the east.
invigorating Chi from the south.
nurturing Chi from the north.
disruptive Chi from the west.
Sha is the inversion of the life force Chi. It is the negative energy and it associated with the tiger energy. Places which are damp, flat, dark, hollow, crowded or have straight lines are affected by Sha. Railroad lines and telephone lines all promote Sha. Straight or rectangular lines will attract the energy of Sha.
The Eight Enrichments
The eight enrichments are
Fame and ambition.
Wealth and acquisitions.
Wisdom and learning.
Children and family.
Health and happiness.
Each enrichment is associated with a triagram.
The eight Trigrams are thought to have been created by Fu Hsi who was a Emperor of China sometime around 3,000 B.C. In around 1,000 B.C. Emperor Wen further expanded them to make the 64 hexagrams. Emperor Wen also rearranged the order of the triagrams. The original oprder is called Former Heaven Sequence. The later is called Later Heaven Sequence.
The creative summer, south, fire, 9.
The lake, early summer, south east, 4.
The clinging, spring, east, wood, 3.
The thunder, late winter, north east, 8.
The receptive, winter, north, water, 1.
The mountain, early winter, north west, 6.
The dangerous, autumn, west, metal, 7.
The wind, late summer, south west, 2.
Feng Shui Remedies
Adding Feng Shui Remedies to an enrichment area can improve the flow of Chi and remove any problems. There are eight remedies in total.
This remedy includes lighting, mirrors and reflective surfaces. Mirrors are the most popular. The Chinese make great use of lights in their garden area.
The best here is wind chimes, bells, metal mobiles and bamboo tubes. Wind chimes work by disturbing stagnent Chi through the swirls and eddies of sound in the air. Harmonious sounds also attract lucky Chi.
Colour, especially red and black can be used to stimulate the flow of Chi.
Any living object be it plant or animal may be used. PLants are usually used for sharp corners or to fill areas without Chi. Fish are considered living symbols of wealth. This is why aquariums are close to the cash register in Chinese restaurants.
Flags, ribbons, silk banners, fountains wind chimes and weather vanes are the best here. They should however be made of natural materials.
This is for when Chi is flowing too fast. Statues or large rocks are effective.
Mechanical and Electrical
Traditionally this remedy meant machinery. These days it is extended to include electrical equipment. Electrical equipment stimulates Chi but sometimes too much.
It is best here to use scrolls, swords, flutes, bamboo tubes and fans.
Methods to Enhance Chi
There are numerous Methods To Enhance Chi. Pot plants enhance and energize the element of wood. Place them in the corner of your living room or dining room but not in the bedroom or kitchen. Candles energise the element of fire. Very favourable to balance an odd shaped room. Crystals energise the earth element. Hang a crystal in your window for good fortune. Fish bowls energise the element of water. Usefull in attracting wealth and prosperity. Mirrors are used to deflect sha. Place the mirror facing excessive noise. Building or buying a home : A site facing water is life giving. Next to a mountain or hill helps to promote chi. In the northern hemisphere you should take advantage of the southerly aspect.
Feng Shui For Doors
Feng Shui For Doors provides positive feng shui around the home. Doors should open opposite each other. Doors should not be offset. If doors are offset use a mirror remedy. You should postion the furniture as far away from opening doors as is possible. Doors should open and close easily. Doors should be in proportion to the room size. If the door is too large it will allow the Chi to escape to fast. If the doors are too small it restricts the Chi access.
Feng Shui for Windows
Windows should open outwards. Octagonal and arched windows are good feng shui. If windows open inwards you will need to establish the type of chi being let in. Opening inwards to the West may be a problem, so take action by blocking excess sha chi with an outward facing mirror or a plant on a windowsill.
Feng Shui For Desks
Feng Shui For Desks will help creat a happier work enviroment. Never sit with your back to the door. If there is more then one door you need to position your desk so you can see all doors. Do not sit with your back to a west facing window. To attract fame and fortune have the desk facing south, south-east. If you overlay the Pa Kwwa onto your desk then where you sit at the front should be regarded as your fame enrichment. To the left is your health area. Keep your outtray here. To the right is your wealth enrichment so keep your intray here. The right hand edge is your education so keep reference books here. The left hand edge is where you should place your coffee.
Feng Shui For Curtains
Feng Shui For Curtains is an important aspect of any house. During daytime curtains should be pulled back. However at night keep all curtains closed. It is very bad luck to have an exposed window looking into the black night. Blinds should only be of natural material such as wood. Chi filtering through blinds will take on the resonance of the blind colour. Curtains that hang limply each side of a window are bad feng shui. Curtains should have a little curve to them. Curtains should rich to the floor. When the curtains are drawn together there should be masses of fabric hanging in pleats and folds. Curtains should be kept clean. Curtains should also match the seasons. Heavy fabrics for winter and lighter fabrics for summer. Plastic rings are bad feng shui. Always use natural products. Curtains should also open and close easily.
Feng Shui For The Front Door
Feng Shui For The Front Door is a good starting point in developing positive feng shui for the house. The front door should be in proportion to the house. If it is too large then too much Chi escapes everytime the door is openned. To prevent this hang a wind chime to reflect the Chi back into the house. The fron door should not face a lamp post or tree. The front door should not face the direction of the driveway. The interior of the front door should not face the back door. If the front door is too small you should hang mirrors either side of it.
Feng Shui For The Staircase
It is simple to increase Feng Shui For The Staircase. Chi flows both up and down a staircase. If the stairs are too close to the front door then the Chi will flow straight out. The flow of Chi can be broken by using a well positioned plant or windchime. Stairs with bends help the Chi flow smoothly. However too sharp a bend will will block the Chi. Place a round mirror at the bend in the stairs. Good feng Shui for the Staircase promotes the flow of good feng shui around your home.
Feng Shui For The Bathroom
It is always difficult to creat good Feng Shui For The Bathroom. A toilet with its sit left up will allow Chi to drain away. Therefore it is important to keep the lid closed. Try to make sure the bathroom is not in your Wang Tsai area which covers prosperity and wealth. The bathroom door should be closed as much as possible. Hang a mirror on the bathroom door facing outwards. If there is no window in the toilet hang a mirror above the toilet.
Living Room Feng Shui
Feng Shui For The Living Room is important in creating a good enviroment for guests. If your dining or kitchen area opens off the living room you will need to screen these off with a plant covered trellis or something. Furniture should be arranged so the honoured guest faces the door. Be aware of corners or alcoves which are dead areas for the flow of Chi. Use colour and light to lift these areas. You may also place a pot plant with round leaves there. The layout of seating is very important. Preferably seating should be arranged in a cirle or octagon. The living room should not be cluttered with furniture. A large mirror in the room will help create the feeling of space. Avoid giving the television a place of importance in the room. The television should be enclosed in a cabinet. The room should be warm and cosy with pictures and ornaments.
Feng Shui For The Dining Room
Feng Shui For The Dining Room is important in maintaining a happy eating enviroment. The honoured guest position should face the door. The door should not open too close to any chairs. Preferably the table should incorporate the octagonal Pa Kwa shape. Make sure there is plenty of room to walk around the table. Mirrors will make the room feel larger. Dont locate the dining room in sight of the front door.
Feng Shui For The Bedroom
Feng Shui For The Bedroom will help creat a happy relationship. Use strategic mirror placement in the bedroom to reflect pleasant views into the room. Avoid positioning your bed with the foot facing the door. You should also avoid having mirrors facing the bed. It is best to position the bed in the corner of an octagonal arrangement. It is good to use a bedroom which also faces in the direction of your personal element.
Fire : south or south-west.
Water : north.
Wood : east or north east.
Metal : west or north west.
Earth : south west.
Feng Shui For The Kitchen
Getting good Feng Shui For The Kitchen can be difficult. Have many mirrors in the kitchen so you can see people from all parts of the kitchen. The kitchen is a very yang area and eating there is not desirable.
Feng Shui for the Office and Shop
The best location for your office or shop for good feng shui is on a corner. The entrance to your reception area should cut diagonally across your corner. Be carefull of stairs and escalators directly facing the entrance that will allow Chi to flow out. Be also carefull of tall buildings to the west that will cause unpredictable tiger Chi and may cause your business to fail. Tall buildings to the north are good. The reception area should have plenty of space. Plants with rounded leaves attract customers. Closed businesses and derelict buildings close by are bad feng shui. A business in a dead end road will suffer from stagnent Chi. Roads pointing directly at a business are not good as they accelerate Chi. The best site is where two or three roads interesct and you have the corner position. Keep the cash register and financial transactions in the wealth enrichment area. Use lots of red colour in this area. If several people share an office the desks should be arranged so that they form an octagon. No sitting in the office should put people with their back to one another. Any sharp corners should be rounded off with round leaf plants.
Feng Shui For Trees
Promoting good Feng Shui for Trees can be a slow process. Dont have trees that need radical pruning because anything that needs lopping off at the top will bring misfortune. Never plant a tree directly in front of your door as it blocks the arriving Chi. If you dont live in a mountainous region you should avoid pines and conifers. Ideal trees are maples, willows and magnolias. Be warry of any trees too large in the west of your house. Try to avoid changing the natural shape of a tree.
Feng Shui for the Garden
The main principles for good feng shui for the garden is curves and proportion.
Think of your house as the Yin aspect and your garden as the Yang aspect.
Yang is about light and space.
It is important to incorporate the five elements into your garden.
A pond or pool of water.
A sun dial or bronze statue for metal.
Trees and schrub for wood.
Plenty of red and orange colour for fire.
Earth for earth.
If your garden is overlooked by an unpleasant view use the mirror remedy.
The best shapes for your garden are octagon and circle.
Circular ponds are preferable.
You may also want to light up darkened areas in your garden.
Use light as a remedy in the south and in your fame enrichment.
Use sound as a remedy in the north west and in your friends enrichment.
Red is popular in the garden as it stimulates the flow of Chi.
Use colour as a remedy in the north east and in your children enrichment.
Use life as a remedy in the south east and in your wealth enrichment.
It is good to plant something delicate in your garden that moves in the slightest breeze.
The path to the front of the house is considered very important.
A horseshoe shaped drive or entrance allows the Chi to arrive gently and be channelled away when depleted.
Feng Shui For Garden Furniture
Feng Shui For Garden Furniture creates positive chi around the garden. You need to consider which enrichment area you want to put a seat in. When choosing a seat you need to think about the shape of the seat and any patterns it incorporates. A wrought iron chair with a round seat and round back decorated with a pattern of curving shapes is ideal. Statues and ornaments are good where you need to introduce a remedy. Statues are also very good where you need a stillness remedy. Stillness remedies are better placed in the west.
Mirror Feng Shui
Mirror Feng Shui for the home is an easy and popular way to develop good feng shui. Keep mirrors clean and bright. If your using the mirror to look into then it needs to be at head height. Mirrors used as remidies should be small and discreet. Its better still to use the Pa Kwa mirrors which have the eight triagrams on them. When deflecting Sha mirrors should be placed so they reflect outwards. To channel Chi inside the house you must make sure they are angled properly. Avoid mirrors that have pictures engraved or printed on them. Oval mirrors are best. Make sure to have a large mirror angled on a wall so it reflects a view into the room when your sitting in your favorite chair or lying in bed.
Water Feng Shui
Water Feng Shui is a good way to refreshen Chi. Moving water in the garden is good Feng Shui. It refreshes the Chi and soothes the nerves. Putting goldfish in your garden pond will encourage wealth. Make sure to keep the pond clean and never let it stagnate. Pond furniture should only be of natural material. Pools of water that empty into each other are very good. Water is one feature that can be used to provide any one of the eight remedies. Make sure Your pond is circular in design.
Feng Shui For Love
For love to blossom in your life, you must activate the southwest corner of your home, the universal corner of romance.
In using Feng Shui for romance, the bedroom needs to be romantic, with soft furnishings, colours and pictures.
The Peonie flower plays a very important part in Chinese Feng Shui and you should have some in your bedroom.
Use yellow, white and red lihgts to brighten up the southwest corners of your house to attract the energy of romance.
Place natural quartz crystals in the southwest corner.
Create a balance between the yang chi of the masculine and the yin chi of the feminine.
A toilet in the southwest corner can be very negative on your love life.
Hang a five rod windchime above the toilet.
Enhancing love feng shui increases love opportunities, but finding a perfect match depends on your karma.
If there is exposed beams in the southwest corner, hang tiny windchimes to soften the killing chi of the edges.
Water in the southeast tends to cause arguments.
Jasper in the southwest corner activates romance luck.
Hanging a painting of high mountains in the southwest coener creates powerfull chi of the big Earth.
To kick start romance paint one wall in the southwest corner white, yellow or red.
Crystal chandelier in the southwest corner will energize this corner for love.
On a window in the southwest corner hang a faceted crystal ball to capture the sunlight and creat chi rainbows.
PLace a crystal heart inside a velvet pouch and place inside a night table to enhance feelings of love between you and your partner.
To have steady growth in the marriage, colour and objects must never be overly masculine or feminine.
Balance the chi by painting the bedroom with dark restful yin hues and the dining areas with bright yang colours.
In order to create smooth love chi between the partners, place red love knots on pictures of you together.
Never give roses with thorns, remove the thorns first.
Yellow flowers are for those seeking a serious relationship, and white flowers are good for mature people in love.
A pair of mandarin ducks placed in the bedroom symbolizes the happiness of lovers.
Never place water features on the right side of the main door as this can lead to infidelity.
Kepp water features, water bowls and aquariums out of the bedroom as they can lead to loss.
Never place plants with thorns in the southwest corner.
If a mirror directly reflects the bed it can attract unwanted outside third parties.
Never sleep with the feet facing the door as this can simulate the death position.
Some Feng Shui Trivia:
In Hong Kong, in the version of Monopoly the boardgame, "Chance" is also known as "Feng Shui".